Cracked Heels- Causes, Treatment. How To Get Rid Of Cracked Heels At Home?

Farat Abdul Razzaq

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Cracked heels are a common foot problem in which the skin of your heels becomes dry, thick, dead, and cracked.

Sometimes the condition worsens and bleeding from cracked heels starts or you lose the feeling of your skin. In the start, you worry about cracked heels because they look unattractive but later they cause a serious nuisance to your feet.

Stages of Cracked Heels:

  1. Dry, hard skin around heels: Initially hard skin accumulates mostly at the rim of the heels.
  2. Calluse formation: When you walk around on cracked heels, the foot pads i.e., natural cushions in heels expand and cracks are formed in the skin called calluse.
  3. Fissures: Crackes get deeper and become painful and start bleeding, painful cracks are called Fissures.
  4. Cellulitis: Cracks may develop infection and cause ulcers called cellulitis.

Causes of Cracked Heels:

Cracked heels can be the result of any of the following reasons:

  1. Being on your feet for long hours.
  2. Walk bare-footed, especially on the hard and cold floor.
  3. Obesity– Due to being overweight, pressure on heels increases, as a result, foot pads expand, and cracked heels develop.
  4. Taking long hot showers.
  5. Diabetes.
  6. Ill-fitted shoes (loose or tight).
  7. Use harsh soaps- as they may deprive your skin of natural oils and make it dry.
  8. Wearing open-heeled sandals.
  9. Athletes’ foot- a fungal infection.
  10. Vitamin deficiency.
  11. Pregnancy.
  12.  Aging– protective soles in your heels become thinner as you age and you lose cushion under heels, so they crack easily.
  13. Heel spurs, bone protrusions.

Symptoms of Crack heels:

The symptoms of cracked heels are listed below;

  • Dry, Flaky skin
  • Loss of feeling in your heels
  • Itchiness
  • Pain and bleeding in heels

Prevention from cracked heels:

Prevention is always better than cure is a famous saying. In the case of cracked heels, you better prevent your heels from damage and it becomes more important if you have diabetes.

  • Wash your feet daily with lukewarm water, dry, and then moisturize.
  • Protect your feet from extreme heat and cold.
  • Don’t walk bare-footed.
  • Avoid standing for a long time.
  • Inspect weekly for cracks.
  • Wear supportive footwear.
  • Avoid ill-fitted footwear.
  • Wear socks or stockings.
  • Use thick moisturizer especially containing Urea.
  • Moisturize daily.
  • Use shoe inserts/ insoles.

Treatment of Cracked Heels:

Home Remedies:

Soak and Exfoliate:

Soak your feet in lukewarm water for 20 minutes. You can add baking soda and lemon juice to the water. The dead skin becomes soft. Then remove it with a Pumice stone. 

Cracked heels treatment- home remedy

Moisturize it well and wear woolen socks.

Vinegar Foot Soak:

Vinegar is a disinfectant and has anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties. It also prevents odour in feet.

Add 2-4 spoons of vinegar in lukewarm water. Soak your feet in it for 20 minutes.  The dead skin becomes soft. Then remove it with a Pumice stone. 

Moisturize it well and wear woollen socks.

Liquid Bnadage;

It is a spray used to seal cracks.

Honey/ Coconut oil:

Use Honey (as it has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties) and coconut oil as moisturizers for your cracked heels.

Dermal Heel Balm:

Use thick balms containing Urea, Saccharide Isomerate, Alpha hydroxy acid, and Salicylic acid. Some balms may irritate and that’s normal.

Medical Treatment:

Strapping:

In strapping Bandage around the heels is used to reduce the pain and bleeding.

Debridement:

Sometimes dead skin in heels accumulates in bulks, and you lose feeling in your skin. Then doctors cut away the dead skin layers. 

Warning! Do not try to cut your dead skin at home. As you may hurt yourself.

Medication Treatment:

Cracked heels are also treated with medicine.

Skin Glue:

People also use skin glue to seal their cracked heels. But commercially available skin glue contains toxic chemicals that can further damage your heels.

Prevalence:

Heel cracks occur almost in both genders, but women are more vulnerable to it.

How to get rid of cracked heels?

Soak your feet in lukewarm water for 20 minutes. You can add baking soda and lemon juice to the water. The dead skin becomes soft. Then remove it with a Pumice stone. 

Does crack heels worsen due to diabetes?

yes, if you are a diabetic, your cracked heels may become worsen.

Hey! I'm Farat, with a pen that is armed with a passion for trend spotting, make-up artistry and skin-care secrets. I bring forth the secrets of beauty from natural remedies to mindful practices. My pen narrates the true stories of the celebrities you love to know.

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